NPS (National Pension Scheme)

The National Pension System (NPS) is a voluntary and contributory retirement savings scheme, launched by the Government of India in 2004. It is regulated by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). The scheme is designed to provide retirement income to individuals from the age of 60 years until death. NPS offers various investment options and choices to subscribers, who can select their own investment mix based on their risk appetite and retirement goals. (Let’s see Pension article)

Pension Schme as a Central Gov Intiative

National Pension Scheme (NPS)

Under NPS, individuals can contribute regularly to their retirement account during their working life, and the accumulated amount can be withdrawn as a lump sum or through a periodic payment after retirement. The scheme offers tax benefits to subscribers on their contributions and the returns earned on their investments. NPS is open to all Indian citizens and non-resident Indians (NRIs) aged between 18 and 65 years. It is considered as one of the most efficient and flexible retirement savings schemes in India.


The aim of the National Pension Scheme (NPS) is to provide retirement benefits to all Indian citizens. The scheme is designed to provide a regular income to individuals after they retire from work. It is a defined contribution-based pension system where the accumulated savings of a subscriber are invested in a range of instruments to generate returns. The scheme aims to provide financial security to individuals in their old age and encourage them to save for their retirement. The scheme is regulated by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) and is open to all Indian citizens aged between 18 and 65 years.


The National Pension Scheme (NPS) is a retirement-focused investment scheme introduced by the Government of India. Its main aim is to provide financial security to individuals during their old age by encouraging them to save regularly while they are employed.

The need for NPS arises from the fact that traditional retirement benefits, such as pensions and gratuities, are gradually being phased out. In addition, life expectancy is increasing, and people are living longer after retirement. Therefore, there is a need for individuals to take responsibility for their own retirement planning.

NPS offers a low-cost, regulated, and flexible retirement savings option to individuals. It provides a variety of investment options to suit different risk appetites and investment preferences. The scheme also offers tax benefits to investors, making it an attractive option for long-term wealth creation. Overall, the National Pension Scheme addresses the need for retirement planning in a changing economic landscape and helps individuals build a secure financial future.


The National Pension Scheme (NPS) is a voluntary, defined-contribution retirement savings scheme launched by the Government of India in 2004. The features of the NPS include:

  1. Flexibility in Investment: NPS offers two types of investment options: Active Choice and Auto Choice. In Active Choice, investors can choose their asset allocation among various asset classes like equity, corporate bonds, government bonds, and alternative investments. In Auto Choice, the investment is managed by the NPS fund managers based on the investor’s age and risk profile.
  2. Tax Benefits: NPS offers tax benefits under Section 80C and Section 80CCD(1B) of the Income Tax Act. Investors can claim a deduction of up to Rs. 1.5 lakh under Section 80C and an additional deduction of up to Rs. 50,000 under Section 80CCD(1B).
  3. Portable Account: The NPS account can be easily transferred across different locations and jobs. This allows the investor to maintain a single account throughout their working life and provides flexibility in managing their investments.
  4. Low Cost: NPS has a low cost structure compared to other retirement savings schemes. The fund management charges are capped at 0.01% for government bonds and 0.05% for equity funds, making it a cost-effective investment option.
  5. Pension Annuity: At the time of retirement, investors can use up to 60% of their accumulated corpus to purchase a pension annuity, which provides a regular income stream for life.
  6. Tiered Structure: NPS has a two-tiered structure consisting of Tier 1 and Tier 2 accounts. The Tier 1 account is mandatory and has a lock-in period until the investor reaches the age of 60. The Tier 2 account is optional and has no lock-in period.
  7. Risk Management: The NPS funds are managed by professional fund managers who are regulated by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). The investment guidelines and asset allocation are based on the principles of risk management and diversification.

Eligibility Criteria

The National Pension Scheme (NPS) is a voluntary retirement savings scheme for Indian citizens, which is regulated by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). The eligibility criteria for NPS are as follows:

  1. Age: Any Indian citizen between the age of 18 and 65 can join the NPS.
  2. Type of account: There are two types of accounts under the NPS – Tier I and Tier II. To open a Tier I account, an individual must be a resident of India. A Tier II account can be opened by both resident and non-resident Indians.
  3. KYC documents: To open an NPS account, individuals need to submit KYC documents such as proof of identity, proof of address, and PAN card.
  4. Contribution: The minimum contribution amount for NPS is Rs. 500. However, there is no maximum limit for contribution.
  5. Number of accounts: An individual can open only one Tier I account and multiple Tier II accounts.
  6. Exit age: The minimum age of exit from the NPS is 60 years. However, in case of early exit, there are specific conditions such as a minimum contribution period of 10 years and use of at least 80% of the accumulated pension wealth to purchase an annuity.
  7. Tax benefits: Contributions made to NPS are eligible for tax deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961, subject to a limit of Rs. 1.5 lakh per annum. Additionally, contributions up to Rs. 50,000 in a financial year are eligible for an additional tax deduction under Section 80CCD(1B) of the Income Tax Act.

Application Procedure

The National Pension Scheme (NPS) is a government-sponsored retirement savings scheme that allows individuals to contribute towards their retirement fund. Here are the steps to apply for the NPS:

  1. Eligibility: The scheme is open to Indian citizens between 18 and 65 years of age.
  2. Registration: Individuals can register for the scheme online through the official website of the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) or through a Point of Presence (POP) such as a bank or financial institution.
  3. KYC: To open an NPS account, individuals need to complete the Know Your Customer (KYC) process. This involves submitting their Aadhaar card, PAN card, and bank account details.
  4. Contribution: Individuals can make contributions to their NPS account either online or offline through their POP. The minimum contribution amount is Rs. 500 and the maximum amount is subject to the guidelines of the PFRDA.
  5. Asset Allocation: Once the contributions are received, individuals need to select their investment strategy and asset allocation. They can choose between different asset classes such as equity, government securities, corporate bonds, and alternative assets.
  6. Permanent Retirement Account Number (PRAN): After the contributions are made, individuals will receive a Permanent Retirement Account Number (PRAN). This number will remain the same throughout the individual’s life and can be used to manage their NPS account.
  7. Nomination: It is important to nominate a beneficiary for the NPS account. This can be done online or offline through the POP.


The National Pension Scheme (NPS) is a retirement savings scheme introduced by the Government of India. Here are some benefits of the scheme:

  1. Tax benefits: NPS offers tax benefits to individuals. Contributions made by an individual towards the scheme are eligible for tax deductions under section 80C of the Income Tax Act. Additionally, contributions made towards NPS up to Rs 50,000 are eligible for tax deductions under section 80CCD (1B) of the Income Tax Act.
  2. Retirement planning: NPS provides an option for individuals to save for their retirement. The scheme allows investors to contribute a certain amount of money every month towards their retirement fund, which can then be used after retirement to provide a regular income.
  3. Low cost: The scheme has a low-cost structure. The management fees charged by fund managers are very low compared to other investment options such as mutual funds.
  4. Flexible investment options: NPS offers flexibility in terms of investment options. The scheme offers two investment options – active choice and auto choice. Under active choice, investors can choose the asset allocation for their investment, while under auto choice, the asset allocation is determined by the age of the investor.
  5. Portability: NPS is portable across employers and locations. This means that an individual can continue to contribute to the scheme even if they change jobs or move to a different city.
  6. Transparency: NPS is a transparent scheme as investors can track their investments and the returns generated on their investments. The scheme provides regular updates on the performance of the funds and the investment portfolio.


In conclusion, the application procedure for the National Pension Scheme (NPS) involves registration, KYC, contribution, asset allocation, PRAN allocation, and nomination. It is important to carefully consider the investment strategy and asset allocation before making contributions towards the retirement fund.

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